Research Resources

Alice_c_1901.tifThe Alice Paul Institute is dedicated to providing quality assistance to researchers of all ages who want to learn more about Alice Paul, women’s suffrage in the U.S., and the Equal Rights Amendment.

Our up-to-date list of resources should enhance your research!

For more information, a staff member will be available to answer 1-3 questions by email and additional questions by appointment in an in-person, phone, or Skype interview. Contact us if you have a research question, interview request, or if you need help locating additional resources.

Primary Sources

Online Sources

Alice Paul Archive and Library
Researchers are welcome to visit historic Paulsdale’s library, which contains books on Alice Paul, suffrage, New Jersey history, and women’s history.

The Amelia Roberts Fry Collection
The Alice Paul Institute has scanned items of interest from the Amelia R. Fry Collection in the Alice Paul Archives located within the Barbara Haney Irvine Library at Paulsdale.  These documents include brochures, pamphlets, articles, photographs and letters.  While there are some items from the National Woman’s Party’s (NWP) campaign for the right to vote (1913-1920), much of the scanned documents feature the NWP’s very active campaign for the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) in the United States from 1921-1970 and the World Woman’s Party’s international efforts for women’s rights (1930-60).

This oral history interview with Alice Paul, conducted by Amelia R. Fry from 1972 to 1973, is provided for researchers in its entirety.  The audio files are provided on the Alice Paul Institute website while the transcript is located at the Oral History Center of the Bancroft Library at UC Berkeley. It is helpful to use these resources together.

Conversations with Alice Paul
An online oral history interview conducted with Alice Paul in 1976

What the Home Town Thinks of Alice Paul
An account of a visit to Alice Paul’s home in Mount Laurel, NJ in 1919, published in Everybody’s Magazine

I Was Arrested, of Course
A1974 interview with American Heritage journalist Robert S. Gallagher.

The Herstory Scrapbook
Over 3,000 articles from the New York Times, from 1917-1920, on the issue of women’s suffrage! An excellent collection of primary resources conveniently put together in a digital scrapbook.

American Women
Women of Protest: Photographs from the Records of the National Woman’s Party; a gateway to women’s history resources at the Library of Congress

Votes for Women
Library of Congress suffrage books and pamphlets

Suffrage Pictures
Library of Congress suffrage photographs

Project Gutenberg: Jailed for Freedom
At this site you can find the entire book, Jailed for Freedom, an excellent, eyewitness account of the picketing campaign and prison experiences, written by suffragist Doris Stevens.

The History of Woman Suffrage, Vol. 1-6
Courtesy of the Internet Archive, digital copies of all six volumes of the series, The History of Woman Suffrage. A wonderful primary source!

Women’s Suffrage poster, 1915
The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History

Secondary Resources

Braun, Sebastian and Kvasnicka, Michael. “Men, Women, and the Ballot: Gender Imbalances and Suffrage Extensions in the United States.” Explorations in Economic History 50, no. 3 (2013): 405-426.

Chapman, Mary and Mills, Angela. “Eighty Years and More: Looking Back at the Nineteenth Amendment.” Canadian Review of American Studies 36, no. 1 (2008): 1-15.

King, Brayden, Cornwall, Marie, and Dahlin, Eric C. “Winning Woman Suffrage One Step at a Time: Social Movements and the Logic of the Legislative Process.” Social Forces 83, no. 3 (2001): 1211-1234.

McCammon, Holly J. “Stirring up Suffrage Sentiment: The Formation of the State Woman Suffrage Organizations, 1866-1914.” Social Forces 80, no. 2 (2001): 449-480.

McCammon, Holly J. “’Out of the Parlors and into the Streets’: The Changing Tactical Repertoire of the U.S. Women’s Suffrage Movements.” Social Forces 81, no. 3 (2003): 787-818.

Mintz, Steven. “The Passage of the Nineteenth Amendment.” OAH Magazine of History 21, no. 3 (2007): 47-50.

Ritter, Gretchen. “Gender and Citizenship after the Nineteenth Amendment.” Polity 32, no. 3 (2000): 345-375.

Sparacino, Elizabeth Kenny. “An Online Bibliography of Resources for the Study of Woman Suffrage.” The History Teacher 37, no. 2 (2004): 229-238.

Baker, Jean H. Sisters: The Lives of America’s Suffragists. 1st ed. New York: Hill and Wang, 2006.

Baker, Jean H. Votes for Women: The Struggle for Suffrage Revisited. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.

Butler, Amy E. Two Paths to Equality: Alice Paul and Ethel M. Smith in the ERA Debate, 1921–1929. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2002.

Clift, Eleanor. Founding Sisters and the Nineteenth Amendment. 1st ed. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2003.

DuBois, Ellen C. Feminism and Suffrage: The Emergence of an Independent Women’s Movement in America, 1848-1869. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1999.

Kraditor, Aileen S. The Ideas of the Woman Suffrage Movement: 1890-1920. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1981.

Lunardini, Christine A. Alice Paul: Equality for Women (Lives of American Women). Westview Press, 2012.

Lunardini, Christine A. From Equal Suffrage to Equal Rights: Alice Paul and the National Woman’s Party, 1910-1928. New York: New York University Press, 1988.

Macmillen, Sally G. Seneca Falls and the Origins of the Women’s Rights Movement. New York: Oxford University Press, 2008.

Walton, Mary. A Woman’s Crusade: Alice Paul and the Battle for the Ballot. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010.

Zahiser, J.D. and Amelia Fry, Alice Paul: Claiming Power. New York: Oxford University Press, 2014.

Books for Young Readers
Bausum, Ann. With Courage and Cloth: Winning the Fight for a Woman’s Right to Vote. Washington, D.C.: National Geographic Children’s Books, 2004. Age 10 and up.

Kamma, Anne. If You Lived When Women Won Their Rights. Scholastic Inc., 2008. Age 7-10 yrs.

Raum, Elizabeth. Alice Paul: American Lives. Chicago: Heinemann Library, 2004. Age 7-9 yrs.

Stone, Tayna Lee. Elizabeth Leads the Way: Elizabeth Cady Stanton and the Right to Vote. Squire Fish, 2010. Age 6-10 yrs.

White, Linda Arms. I Could Do That!: Esther Morris Gets Women the Vote, Farrar, Straus and Giroux , 2005. Age 7-9 yrs.